Aretha Franklin was not only the first African American woman to be inducted into the Rock and Roll hall of fame, she was the first woman. Period. Maya Angelou was the first African American woman to write a non-fiction best seller. Ben Carson was the first surgeon to successfully separate conjoined twins who were joined at the back of the head. The hair brush, lawn mower, cellphone, refrigerator, and the air conditioner are all thanks to African-American inventors. The first rapper to popularize tattoos in the rap community was 2Pac. The real Betty Boop was actually an African American woman named Esther Jones.